Q & A
Types of wood floors
There are several wooden floors and substitutes available on the market today. Mainly there are three different kinds of so-called distinct wooden floors. This distinction has to do directly with the percentage of natural wood in its composition. Let’s look at three types:
- Solid Wood Flooring
- Industrial Flooring
- Synthetic Laminate Flooring
1. Solid Wood Flooring
The first alternative and perhaps the oldest in existence is “solid wood floor.” These soils are usually ¾ “to 1” thick and can be purchased raw or pre-finished (known as prefinished). The main advantage of this type of soil is its sheer length and it can be sanded and refurbished almost unlimited times.
2. Industrial Flooring
First, as it is a widespread confusion, it is important to distinguish clearly between the industrialized and the ground floor laminate. This distinction can be confusing because prior to the introduction of synthetic laminate flooring most sellers of hardwood floors sold laminate flooring called industrialized.
This alternative although increasingly popular is a soil that has a top layer of quality wood about 1 / 8 “thick attached on 2 or more layers or” bands of “low-value timber. The growing popularity of industrial wood floors, their accessibility and resemblance to real hardwood floors have made industrial flooring a viable option.
The main disadvantage they have is their shorter life span as their re-polishing is limited by the thin top layer thickness. It is recommended that you polish or sand no more than 2 or 3 times to avoid permanently damaging the flooring because of its thin layer of low value timber.
3.Synthetic Laminate Flooring
In these days when it comes to laminate flooring, we are usually talking about “plastic laminate.” Many consumers turn these soils confused with what actually is a method of installation or placement known as floating floors. Thus, synthetic laminate flooring is actually a type of plastic sheet attached to a basic composition using heat and pressure to get their bonding, the core of this structure is generally high-density fiber or particle board, leaving it a photographic paper surface which is protected from wear by a plastic sheet. The advantage of these soils is that they are cheap and its duration is reasonable, its major limitation is its inability to be polished ever. Another, not so desirable affect is that the photo printing is generally a certain pattern that is repeated and gives an effect on the joints which is not identical in appearance to the surface which limits the credibility of the finished product. Beyond these limitations is an alternative that is gaining popularity as an option for mass access to replacement flooring because of its value.
Our factory direct floating floors can withstand almost all normal wear situations in your home or office.
Our extensive experience in distribution, import and the sale of wholesale laminate floating floors and the large number of tests we have conducted on this revolutionary system ensures the product is backed by a warranty against wear, fading and stains.
Why choose Lawson wood floating floors?
Our exceptional performance characteristics of our floating floors and its attractive appearance along with the many practical benefits make Lawson a wise flooring choice. See the benefits and value below:
- Chemical resistant: Difficult stains such as permanent markers or lipstick can be removed with acetone.
- Easy to maintain: Just use a damp mop or vacuum for regular cleaning.
- Hygienic: The smooth surface of melamine floating floors that Lawson manufactures for sale repels dust. Dust mites and other allergens microorganisms cannot survive on these floors.
- Impact resistant: Resistant to pressure from high heels or falling objects, as well as the long-term pressure of chairs, cabinets, table legs and furniture.
- Scratch resistant: Laminate floating floors direct from the Lawson factory support traffic. High heels or office chairs with casters are not a problem. (There are special casters for furniture and is recommended to use felt under furniture legs.)
- Wear Resistant: Resists all types of wear without suffering any effects.
- Spills are no problem: The stains can be removed easily with a dry cloth.
- Resistant to burns: A cigarette that falls and remains on the wooden floor for a few seconds will not burn the wood floor and cause discoloration.
- Colorfast: Lawson floating floors retain their color for years. Non fade in the sun, thus changing the furniture in the rooms is not a problem.
- Easy to install: Installs quickly and easily with a floating laminate floor installer or it can be done by yourself! Lawson Laminate floating floors are easy to install with professional results.
How it works? Installation:
A panel is rotated gradually into another as shown in the illustration and then is embedded firmly in place. The installation is done with a simple rotation.
How to identify a quality laminate floor?
A floating wood floor of real good quality must have at least 4 layers. The top layer should be formed by a transparent layer resistant to scratches; stains and wear, with a higher value taber (wear resistance). Below this should be the design layer, a paper impregnated with melamine resin, with various patterns and designs ranging from wood grains to stone and many more imaginative and decorative designs. Then, the kernel must be built from the factory with a fiber board of high quality, high density, made with a waterproof adhesive. Then, the stabilizing layer or balancer. This layer is also impregnated with melamine resin manufactured and has the thickness required to balance the product, thus eliminating the effect of “hollow” board.
Characteristics of Floating Floors :
Floating floors are floors that are placed without nailing, without screwing and without hitting the ground, but do rely on any smooth, firm and dry surface.
Have a thickness of between 8 and 15 millimeters, which makes them the best option if you want to renew the floor without raising the actual coating.
To avoid small drops and reduce the noise of footsteps, floating floors rest on a blanket of foam. Some floating floors require boards glued together some come from the factory with its own socket and need no polishing or plastic. The floor is ready for use immediately after placement.
Floating floors come in different degrees of hardness and abrasion resistance. They’re sold in a huge variety of colors and imitation wood grains. They are resistant to wear, stains, scratches and burns and are very tolerant to shock, chair legs or wheels. Floating floors coexist with the under floor heating and will not discolor with sunlight.
Another key feature of the floating floor is that it is an organic product made from natural renewable materials.
Composition of Floating Floors
Floating floors are made of different layers with different material and features each. 4 layers are generally used:
The top layer is composed of special resins to form a laminate floor gives the high durability and resistance to abrasion. In addition, some floating floors faithfully reproduce the grain of the wood through fine reliefs that give a similar texture wood.
Decorative plates / Design
The second layer is based on the design faux wood.
The thicker layer (the true body of the floating floor) consists of particle board (chipboard), MDF or HDF, plus a moisture treatment. The floors are made of high quality HDF generally.
The final layer consists of a stabilizing balance sheet that provides support and stability to the floor. Some floating floors include a film sound reducing noise to improve their property.
Floating Floors Classes
Basically there are 2 kinds of floating floors: melamine (also called rolled) and wood.
Floating Floors Laminate or melamine
Floating floors are laminate and melamine topcoat those whose view is composed of a plastic laminate that looks like wood. Most laminate floors are basically floating. The cheaper versions are usually made of Formica. The most expensive flats have an almost perfect imitation of wood.
Floating Wood Floors
Timber floating floors are those whose final layer consists of a light natural wood laminate. These flats are the artificial choice of solid wood floor. The low use of natural wood provide an ecological alternative. If the layer is thick enough wood can be sanded and laminated to 5 times. They are already polished, laminated and special varnish treatments that protect them from moisture, stains, scratches and sunlight.
How to Choose a Floating Floor
The first decision to be taken in the choice of a floating floor is about its appearance and the important thing is to address the following characteristics:
- The quality of the laminate top (overlay)
- The composition of the substrate (always choose the HDF)
- The type of fit between tables, because that depends on the quality of the finished floating floor
- The various additional features that may have incorporated into their performance (noise, moisture, slip, etc.).
This is a sturdy floor, durable and quick installation. Can be placed on the floor today, without work and ready for use immediately after placement. It is also heat and sound resistant which contributes to both comfort and energy savings. The design and color choices are very good so decorating a home or office is much easier.
Probably the most important limitation with floating floors is in the melamine laminate, which fail to have all the realism and warmth of wood, although more expensive melamine laminate is currently available with excellent design options.
What are laminate floors
This term defines a manufactured wood obtained by the casting of different layers of materials. The central part, the most visible and recognizable, is made by a panel of wood fibers and resin binders, called HDF (High Density Fiberboard), whose upper part is a die-cast decorative frame high-definition optics, composed of a special paper reproducing the printed pattern (most often a hardwood floor). On the bottom is, however, cast a counterbalance in order to maintain the perfect flatness of the panel.
On the top is then applied to a film, called overlays, consisting of corundum oxide, aluminum oxide and melamine resins. This film, hard, transparent and very strong, ensures adequate protection to abrasion and foot traffic without affecting the colors of the decorations.
The panels are then finished by then tapping locking (also called “to” Click “), which exploit different patents (for example assembly JOINT double” T “), to allow the installation without the use of adhesives.
Abrasion resistance, ease of installation and affordability are the main benefits of laminate flooring. The light resistance, good acoustic and thermal insulation, ease of cleaning and maintenance, wood effect, the installation made on any surface (carpet, hardwood, ceramic, etc.)., Immediate use after installation and can replace any damaged panels, complement its features, making this product the floor with the highest growth and spread of the last decade.
When properly installed in the choice of the product and in terms of laying the laminate flooring has no significant disadvantage.
A slight noise at the pavement, albeit mitigated by the well-mats on which is laid, is, perhaps, its only limit.
The moisture problems experienced by first rolled (years 80/90) are now almost completely eliminated by the presence of HDL waterproof panels that allow you to mitigate the problems caused by accidental spills of water. We will however keep in mind that the prolonged stagnation of water can cause deformation difficult to repair, both on wood floors, and on wooden floors, just as the laminates.
The resistance to abrasion and foot traffic is regulated under international, the European Norm 13329. It, with symbols that must always be present on all packages, describing, in a very comprehensive, the range of use of each product (Grades 21-22-23-31-32-33), and its degree of resistance abrasion (Grades AC1-AC2-AC3-AC4-AC5):
In general, the price will be proportionate to the degree of resistance of the product (see previous item) and, recently, to surface effects created overlay (brushing, planning, beveling etc…) Market, especially in the world of “DIY” are often offered low-priced items. These products, which use large quantities or buy discontinued lines, limited choice of colors, and, sometimes, the low profile, working in a proper and correct their trading position. We believe, however, that should merit careful consideration in particular the needs of the intended use. In general, the price of a good laminate will be significantly lower than the price of a parquet.
Just using a cloth dampened with a mild detergent diluted in water and the passage of the vacuum cleaner will be sufficient to maintain a perfectly clean a laminate floor.
The undesirable phenomenon of “shock”, or more correctly the electrostatic discharge, occurs when people caricatesi electrostatically due to the rubbing of clothes hanging against the electric charges in the environment, download the “potential” accumulated by touching a metal.
The phenomenon is especially true when it accumulates a layer of air is too dry to touch the floor (thickness ca. 15/20 cm). The low electrical conductivity of this layer, due to low moisture contained in it, does not allow charges to disperse through the floor. The electrostatic balance it is so compromised by creating these potential differences so that we feel the shock of these forces.
The remedy is to maintain or restore the right degree of humidity in the environment, equal to 50/60% (approx 50/60 gr. of water per cubic meter of air), using the appropriate water containers to be hung radiators, introducing plants or, in special cases, installing dehumidifiers.
Structure of the laminate floor –
A laminate floor is achieved through a process that heats the high pressure panels of various materials, impregnated with thermosetting resins and said die.
At the center is a wood fiber panel said HDF-High-Density Fiberboard (3), above it are a very strong protective film (1), a decorative sheet with the design that recalls the wood (2) and below one that helps balance the stability of the panel.